GENERALIZED CARTOGRAPHIC AND SIMULTANEOUS REPRESENTATION OF UTILITY NETWORKS FOR DECISION-SUPPORT SYSTEMS AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT IN URBAN ENVIRONMENTS
Keywords: Networks, Infrastructure, Disaster, Decision Support, GIS, Cartography, Visualization, Management, Generalization
Abstract. Cartographic visualizations of crises are used to create a Common Operational Picture (COP) and enforce Situational Awareness by presenting relevant information to the involved actors. As nearly all crises affect geospatial entities, geo-data representations have to support location-specific analysis throughout the decision-making process. Meaningful cartographic presentation is needed for coordinating the activities of crisis manager in a highly dynamic situation, since operators’ attention span and their spatial memories are limiting factors during the perception and interpretation process. Situational Awareness of operators in conjunction with a COP are key aspects in decision-making process and essential for making well thought-out and appropriate decisions. Considering utility networks as one of the most complex and particularly frequent required systems in urban environment, meaningful cartographic presentation of multiple utility networks with respect to disaster management do not exist. Therefore, an optimized visualization of utility infrastructure for emergency response procedures is proposed. The article will describe a conceptual approach on how to simplify, aggregate, and visualize multiple utility networks and their components to meet the requirements of the decision-making process and to support Situational Awareness.