ESTIMATING AND MAPPING CHLOROPHYLL-A CONCENTRATION OF PHEWA LAKE OF KASKI DISTRICT USING LANDSAT IMAGERY
Keywords: Water quality, Chlorophyll-a, Landsat 8, Regression model, Phewa Lake
Abstract. Water is a major component in the living ecosystem. As water quality is degrading due to human intervention, continuous monitoring is necessary. One of the indicators is Chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) which indicates algal blooms which are often driven by eutrophication phenomena in freshwater. Lakes should be monitored for Chl-a because Chla-a is related to eutrophication phenomena which are an enrichment of water by nutrients salt. When the environment becomes enriched with nutrients the excessive growth can lead to the death of fish. In this study, the Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques were utilized to determine Chl-a concentration of Phewa Lake of Kaski district. We used Landsat 8 satellite imagery for estimation and mapping of the Chl-a concentration. In-situ measurements from different sample points were taken and used to form a regression model for Chl-a and its concentration over the water body was calculated. The preceding year’s (2016) in situ measurement data of Chl-a concentration at a specific location were assessed with the one evaluated from the regression model thus produced for the succeeding year (2017) using Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) technique. As a result, we concluded that the estimation and mapping of Chl-a of a lake in Nepal can be done with the help of RS and GIS techniques.