CALIBRATION AND VALIDATION OF CORONA KH-4B TO GENERATE HEIGHT MODELS AND ORTHOIMAGES
Keywords: CORONA-KH-4B, Calibration, Validation, Merge with TDM90
Abstract. At 48 years of age CORONA-KH-4B images are important for actual urban planning in Bangladesh, where no old maps or aerial images exist, indicating locations of former water courses that are no longer visible, but causing problems for the stability of building ground.
CORONA KH-4B images are available for very low cost or even free of charge. A forward and a backward-looking panoramic camera with a nadir angle of approximately 15° enabled a stereoscopic coverage. Taken from a height of 154km, an image covers approximately 220km × 14km up to 17km with a height to base relation of 1:1.85. The ground sampling distance (GSD) varies with the incidence angle from 1.77m in the centre of the image up to 2.18m in Y-direction and 2.69m in the X-direction at the ends of the images. These nice conditions of the old images are affected by geometric problems of the panoramic images. A geometric bending can be improved by a correction based on the available sidelines, nevertheless deformations dominantly in the longitudinal direction only can be determined based on ground control points. A group of neighboured images have similar deformations, allowing the determination of a correction grid, describing the systematic image errors. This improved the geometry strongly, but could not eliminate all individual and local geometric problems. The high morphologic quality of the CORONA images, but limited absolute height accuracy has been improved by merging with the highly accurate TDM90 height model. For ortho images a fitting of neighboured images was required.