INFLUENCE OF IMAGE INTERPOLATION ON IMAGERY-BASED DETECTION AND COMPENSATION OF SATELLITE JITTER
Keywords: Jitter detection, Jitter compensation, Image interpolation, Systematic error, ZiYuan-3 satellite
Abstract. Satellite jitter is a common and complicated phenomenon that degrades the geometric quality of high-resolution satellite images. Imagery-based detection and compensation of satellite jitter have recently been widely concerned. However, most of the existing studies overlook the issue of image interpolation in this topic involving subpixel measurements. In this study, the influence of image interpolation on imagery-based detection and compensation of satellite jitter is investigated. Four different interpolators are separately applied in dense least squares matching for jitter detection based on parallax observation and in intensity resampling for jitter distortion compensation. Experiments were carried out using ZiYuan-3 dataset to compare and analyze the results in the case of different image interpolation. The experimental results demonstrate the influence of image interpolation on imagery-based jitter processing. Inferior interpolators can induce pixel locking effect in subpixel matching and position-dependent systematic bias after image correction, which deteriorate the performance of jitter detection and compensation. To ensure the reliability, sophisticated interpolation algorithms with smaller phase errors are preferable in imagery-based jitter detection and compensation.