ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume V-1-2020
03 Aug 2020
 | 03 Aug 2020


A. Maiti, S. Kumar, V. Tolpekin, and S. Agarwal

Keywords: PolSAR, radiometric calibration, phase calibration, crosstalk, channel imbalance

Abstract. The PolSAR calibration ensures that the relationship between the SAR observations and the target characteristics on the ground are consistent and resembles the theoretical estimation which in turn improves the overall data quality. Essentially, calibration prevents the propagation of uncertainty into further analysis to characterise the target. In this study, the UAVSAR L-Band data of Rosamond dry lake bed has been calibrated. The calibration of amplitude and phase are carried out with the help of the corner reflector array present in the Rosamond site. The dataset is further calibrated for the crosstalk and channel imbalance using the Quegan’s distortion model. Since the crosstalk distortion model requires an accurate estimation of the covariance matrix, the optimal kernel size for the its computation is selected based on the distortion model behaviour with varying window sizes. Furthermore, the effectiveness of the calibration process has been studied using polarimetric signatures and other statistical measures.