GENERIC LINEAR ARRAY SCANNER MODELING OF SPECTRAL IMAGING SYSTEMS CONTAINING LIMITED METADATA
Keywords: adjustment, geopositioning, geometric, hyperspectral, Hyperion, modelling, orientation, pushbroom
Abstract. The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) designed the Generic Linear Array Scanner (GLAS) model for geopositioning images from both airborne and spaceborne linear array scanning systems, including pushbroom, whiskbroom, and panoramic sensors. Providers of hyperspectral imagery (HSI) historically have not populated products with high fidelity metadata to support downstream photogrammetric processing. To demonstrate recommended metadata population and exploitation using the GLAS model, NGA has generated example HSI products using data collected by NASA’s EO-1 Hyperion sensor and provided courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey. This paper provides novel techniques for: 1) generating reasonably accurate initial approximations for GLAS metadata as a function of per-image metadata consisting of only timing information and the latitude and longitude values of the four corners of the image; and 2) identifying a vector of adjustable parameters and reasonable values for its a priori error covariance matrix that enable corrections to the metadata during a bundle adjustment. The paper describes applying these techniques to fourteen overlapping Hyperion images of the Alps, running a bundle adjustment as a function of tie points and optional ground control points, and demonstrating superior results to the previous polynomial based approach as quantified by the 3D errors at several ground check points.