A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO MULTISPECTRAL SATELLITE DERIVED BATHYMETRY
Keywords: Satellite Derived Bathymetry, Random Forest, Machine Learning, Data Fusion, Support Vector Machine
Abstract. Bathymetry in coastal environment plays a key role in understanding erosion dynamics and evolution along coasts. In the presented investigation depth along the shore-line was estimated using different multispectral satellite data. Training and validation data derived from a traditional bathymetric survey developed along transects in Cesenatico; measured data were collected with a single-beam sonar returning centimetric precision. To limit spatial auto-correlation training and validation dataset were built choosing alternatively one transect as training and another as validation. Each set was composed by a total of ~6000 points. To estimate water depth two methods were tested, Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Random Forest (RF). The RF method provided the higher accuracy with a root mean square error value of 0.228 m and mean absolute error of 0.158 m, against values of 0.409 and 0.226 respectively for SVM. Results show that application of machine learning methods to predict depth near shore can provide interesting results that can have practical applications.