UPDATING LANDSLIDE INVENTORY MAPS USING HIGH RESOLUTION DIGITAL ORTHOPHOTOS AND DIGITAL SURFACE AND ELEVATION MODELING: THE CASE STUDY OF BRUSQUE CITY, SANTA CATARINA STATE, BRAZIL
Keywords: landslide, inventory, remote sensing, digital orthophotography, DSM, DEM
Abstract. This study reports the updating of the landslide inventory map of Brusque city, State of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. Twenty-six digital orthophotos acquired in 2010 with a ground resolution of 0.4 meters were analyzed together with shaded relief images obtained by Digital Surface and Digital Elevation modelling with spatial resolution of 1 meter. These remote sensing products were treated, analyzed and visualized in a Geographic Information System – GIS environment. The landslide inventory included a total of 500 landslides, corresponding to a mean density of 1.76 landslides per km2. The total area of landslide occurrences is 0.81 km2, which corresponds to 0.29% of the study area. 0.22 km2 of the total area landslides occur inside the urban perimeter and 0.59 km2 outside Brusque. The geological context and the occurrence of landslides were analyzed together: 277 landslides affect altered metamorphic rocks, 179 landslides granite, and 44 landslides unconsolidated sediments. The updated landslide inventory map showed that 80% of mapped landslides occur in areas of high and moderate susceptibility.