LANDSCAPE OF NEURAL ARCHITECTURE SEARCH ACROSS SENSORS: HOW MUCH DO THEY DIFFER ?
Keywords: AutoML, Neural Architecture Search, Fitness Landscape Analysis, Sensor Fusion, Remote Sensing
Abstract. With the rapid rise of neural architecture search, the ability to understand its complexity from the perspective of a search algorithm is desirable. Recently, Traoré et al. have proposed the framework of Fitness Landscape Footprint to help describe and compare neural architecture search problems. It attempts at describing why a search strategy might be successful, struggle or fail on a target task. Our study leverages this methodology in the context of searching across sensors, including sensor data fusion. In particular, we apply the Fitness Landscape Footprint to the real-world image classification problem of So2Sat LCZ42, in order to identify the most beneficial sensor to our neural network hyper-parameter optimization problem. From the perspective of distributions of fitness, our findings indicate a similar behaviour of the CNN search space for all sensors: the longer the training time, the larger the overall fitness, and more flatness in the landscapes (less ruggedness and deviation). Regarding sensors, the better the fitness they enable (Sentinel-2), the better the search trajectories (smoother, higher persistence). Results also indicate very similar search behaviour for sensors that can be decently fitted by the search space (Sentinel-2 and fusion).