SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF VEGETATION DENSITY CLASSIFICATION IN DETERMINING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS USING UAV IMAGERY
Keywords: Spatial Analysis, Vegetation Density, UAV Imagery, VIS-based Vegetation Index, SVM Classification, Environmental Impact Analysis
Abstract. Along with remote sensing technology development, vegetation monitoring can be performed using satellite imagery or Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) data. UAV imagery with a high resolution, between 3–5 cm at an altitude <100 m, is able to present specific land conditions without being affected by the weather. Information related to vegetation density is one of the components in the Environmental Impact Analysis (EIA) study of a proposed project development due to vegetation removal. In this study, information from consumer-grade cameras of a low-cost UAV platform was explored to classify vegetation density using the potential of RGB imagery-based vegetation index (VI). The correlation coefficient (R2) between field observation data and the seven different values of VI demonstrated moderate to strong correlation. The highest linier correlation of 80.16% (R2 = 0.64) was performed by the Green Red Vegetation Index (GRVI). Classification of the vegetation density was established by applying the object-based image analysis method through the combination of supervised machine learning algorithm of Support Vector Machine (SVM) and the GRVI vegetation index. The vegetation density classification consists of very low, low, medium, high, and very high-density classes. The data can be utilized in determining vegetation management efforts from the presence of a proposed project in the EIA study. The use of UAV imagery is considered effective in identifying vegetation density.