ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume X-1-2024
09 May 2024
 | 09 May 2024

InSAR Digital Surface Model Refinement by Block Adjustment with Horizontal Constraints

Lai Wei, Tao Ke, Quan Jing, Fanhong Li, and Pengjie Tao

Keywords: Block Adjustment, Digital Surface Model, InSAR, ICESat-2

Abstract. Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) technology is an important method to generate digital surface model (DSM). The past studies on space-borne derived DSM most focused on the elevation correction, due to the relative low resolution of DSM product. As a large number of high-resolution satellite data emerge, the horizontal discrepancies are needed to be considered. This paper proposes a DSM block adjustment method with horizontal constraints, aimed at eliminating the horizontal errors that exist between multiple DSM scenes with overlaps, achieving high precision and consistency in both the horizontal and vertical dimensions. Using ICESat-2 ATL08 point clouds as absolute elevation control and a reference DSM for horizontal control, the adjustment equations are constructed based on the constraint of tie points and controls. The experiment selects 7 image pairs of China TH2-01 SAR satellite, corresponding ICESat-2 ATL08 point and AW3D30 as reference DEM. The block adjustment results show that the proposed method improves the absolute vertical accuracy from 3.78 m to 2.56 m and reduces the average horizontal standard deviation between the InSAR derived DSMs and the reference AW3D30 from 15.31 m to 9.08 m.