ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume X-1-2024
09 May 2024
 | 09 May 2024

Exploring the Scientific Mechanism of Tree Structure Network based on LiDAR Point Cloud Data

Haoliang Chen and Yi Lin

Keywords: Tree Structure Network, LiDAR, Quantitative Structure Model, Pareto Optimality, Point Cloud

Abstract. To explore how trees optimize their structure, we developed a method based on Pareto optimality theory. This method consists of the following operations. Firstly, we utilize Quantitative Structure Models for Single Trees from Laser Scanner Data (TreeQSM) to extract tree structures from point clouds acquired through Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR). Subsequently, we utilize a graph-theoretical model to characterize the natural tree structure networks and implement a greedy algorithm to generate Pareto optimal tree structure networks. Finally, based on the Pareto optimality theory, we explore whether tree structures are multi-objective optimized. This paper demonstrates that tree structures lie along the Pareto front between minimizing "transport distance" and minimizing "total length". The growth pattern of trees, which produces multi-objective optimized structures, is likely an intrinsic mechanism in the generation of tree structure networks. The location of tree structures along the Pareto front varies under different environmental conditions, reflecting their diverse survival strategies.