ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume X-1-2024
09 May 2024
 | 09 May 2024

Georeferencing of Satellite Images with Geocoded Image Features

Yating Zhang, Heyi Li, Jing Yu, and Pengjie Tao

Keywords: "Cloud Control" Photogrammetry, Geocoded image features, SIFT, Control points , Satellite image geometric positioning

Abstract. Currently, using digital orthophoto map (DOM) and digital elevation model (DEM) as reference to achieve geometric positioning of newly acquired satellite images has become a popular photogrammetric approach. However, this method relies on DOM and DEM data which requires a lot of storage space in practical applications. In addition, for geometric positioning of satellite images, only sparse image feature points are needed as control points. Consequently, for the sake of convenience, the compression of control data emerges as a necessity with significant practical implications. This paper investigates a "cloud control" photogrammetry method based on geocoded image features. The method extracts SIFT feature points from DOMs, and obtains their ground coordinates, then constructs geocoded image feature library instead of DOM and DEM data as control, thus realizing the compression of control data. Experiments conducted on the Tianhui-1, Ziyuan-3 and Gaofen-2 satellite images demonstrate that the proposed method can achieve high-precision geometric positioning of satellite images and greatly reduce the size of the control data. Specifically, with the reduction of the reference data from 180~1248 MB 2 m DOM and 30 m DEM to 5~10 MB geocoded image features, the geopositional accuracies of the test Tianhui-1, Ziyuan-3 and Gaofen-2 images are improved from 3.12 pixels to 1.74 pixels, 3.69 pixels to 1.09 pixels, and 150.93 pixels to 2.67 pixels, respectively.