ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume X-1-2024
09 May 2024
 | 09 May 2024

Few-shot SAR vehicle target augmentation based on generative adversarial networks

Dan Gao, Xiaofang Wu, Zhijin Wen, Yue Xu, and Zhengchao Chen

Keywords: Synthetic aperture radar (SAR), deep learning, GAN, image generation, SAR vehicle datasets

Abstract. The study of few-shot SAR image generation is an effective way to expand the SAR dataset, which not only provides diversified data support for SAR target classification, but also provides a high-fidelity false image template for SAR deceptive jamming. In this paper, we have constructed a multi-frequency and multi-target type SAR vehicle imagery dataset that encompasses frequencies such as X, Ka, P, and S bands. The vehicle types are coaster, suv and cabin. Subsequently, we utilized various Generative Adversarial Networks for image generation from the SAR vehicle dataset. The experimental result indicates that the images generated by the DCGAN and the LSGAN models are of superior quality. Furthermore, we employed different recognition networks to evaluate the classification accuracy of the generated images. Of all the frequency bands, the Ka band generated images achieved the highest recognition rate, with an accuracy of up to 99%. Under conditions of a limited number of samples, the LSGAN model performed the best, reaching a classification recognition rate of 71.48% with a dataset of only 20 samples. Finally, we use a conditional network generation model to generate conditions based on target categories and frequency bands, providing high fidelity samples for SAR deception jamming.