SURFACE DEFORMATION MONITORING AND DRIVING FORCE ANALYSIS IN THE YELLOW RIVER DELTA BASED ON PS-INSAR TECHNOLOGY
Keywords: Yellow River Delta, Land Subsidence, PS-InSAR, Sentinel-1A, GRACE-FO, GLDAS
Abstract. Aiming at the land subsidence in the Yellow River Delta region, based on the Sentinel-1A data of 52 scenes from 2020 to February 2022, Persistent Scatterer Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (PS-InSAR) were adopted to extract the surface deformation information of the Yellow River Delta region. Firstly, the deformation characteristics of typical subsidence feature points are analyzed, and then the correlation between groundwater, precipitation and land subsidence are analyzed. The result show that the settlement area distribution of the Yellow River Delta is not uniform, mainly distributed in underground brine mining area and oil extraction area, the maximum settlement center is located in Yongan Town, the settlement amount reaches −302.7 mm, the main reason of the settlement is excessive exploitation of underground brine salt. By analyzing the correlation between groundwater, precipitation and land subsidence in the Yellow River Delta, it can be seen that the effect of groundwater content change on land subsidence was the most serious, and the correlation coefficient is 0.875. In general, the subsidence of the Yellow River Delta is mainly caused by the over-exploitation of underground fluids such as fresh water, brine and oil without timely compensation.