GEOMETRIC FEATURES INTERPRETATION OF PHOTOGRAMMETRIC POINT CLOUD FROM UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE
Keywords: UAV, Photogrammetry, Point cloud processing, Geometric Features, RANSAC
Abstract. Recent days point clouds have become one of the most common 3D sources of information which is provides accurate geometry features of the object. 3D point clouds can be derived from either photogrammetry, Lidar or SAR in some cases depending upon the application. These point clouds consisting of 3D geospatial location of an object in form of XYZ coordinates which can be used in various ways to deduct information related to that object either based on visualisation or geometrical interpretation. Quality assessment standards for these point clouds are still very much in nascent stage with optimum accuracy in relative terms only. In this paper, multiple scale of point cloud has been used to understand the level of information these clouds consist on these multiple scales. Based on the 3D spatial information of these point cloud in local neighbourhood, some of invariant geometric properties can be computed for each 3D point with respective covariance matrix. These can be used to describe the local 3D structure using eigenvalues for these matrices. Using these Geometric features an approach is developed to understand the point cloud quality assessment. The proposed methodology exploits these special geometric properties to evaluate the 3D scene structure. Further, the point cloud is classified using shape detection algorithm which evaluates the geometric features to detect the mathematical shapes in the point cloud. This paper also enlightens on different geometric features that can be extracted from a point cloud and the importance of it.