PROBABILISTIC MULTI-PERSON TRACKING USING DYNAMIC BAYES NETWORKS
Keywords: Bayes network, Classification, Pedestrians, Tracking, Online, Video
Abstract. Tracking-by-detection is a widely used practice in recent tracking systems. These usually rely on independent single frame detections that are handled as observations in a recursive estimation framework. If these observations are imprecise the generated trajectory is prone to be updated towards a wrong position. In contrary to existing methods our novel approach uses a Dynamic Bayes Network in which the state vector of a recursive Bayes filter, as well as the location of the tracked object in the image are modelled as unknowns. These unknowns are estimated in a probabilistic framework taking into account a dynamic model, and a state-of-the-art pedestrian detector and classifier. The classifier is based on the Random Forest-algorithm and is capable of being trained incrementally so that new training samples can be incorporated at runtime. This allows the classifier to adapt to the changing appearance of a target and to unlearn outdated features. The approach is evaluated on a publicly available benchmark. The results confirm that our approach is well suited for tracking pedestrians over long distances while at the same time achieving comparatively good geometric accuracy.