AUTOMATIC MUCK PILE CHARACTERIZATION FROM UAV IMAGES
Keywords: Muck pile characterization, Fragment size distribution, Mining, Machine-learning, UAV, Computer Vision
Abstract. In open pit mining it is essential for processing and production scheduling to receive fast and accurate information about the fragmentation of a muck pile after a blast. In this work, we propose a novel machine-learning method that characterizes the muck pile directly from UAV images. In contrast to state-of-the-art approaches, that require heavy user interaction, expert knowledge and careful threshold settings, our method works fully automatically. We compute segmentation masks, bounding boxes and confidence values for each individual fragment in the muck pile on multiple scales to generate a globally consistent segmentation. Additionally, we recorded lab and real-world images to generate our own dataset for training the network. Our method shows very promising quantitative and qualitative results in all our experiments. Further, the results clearly indicate that our method generalizes to previously unseen data.