PSINSAR COHERENCE BASED DISPLACEMENT ANALYSIS OF KRISHNA DELTA USING SENTINEL-1 INTERFEROMETRIC WIDE SWATH DATA
Keywords: PsInSAR, Permanent Scatter Candidates, C-band Interferometric data, Krishna Delta, PS coherence Map
Abstract. The problem of decorrelation leading to loss of coherence has been a major source of concern to identify the various problems of erosion and deposition in delta. In this study, Permanent Scatter Interferometric SAR (PsInSAR) technique was used to identify the Permanent Scatter Candidates (PSCs) to explore its potential in identifying displacement based on coherence of various features in delta during the dry and wet periods. PSCs are coherent over interferograms acquired during different time periods. The study was conducted using Sentinel-1 C-band Interferometric Wide (IW) swath datasets acquired from 25th October 2016 to 10th June 2017 over Krishna Delta. The datasets were deramped and stitched prior to co-registering the master and slave images. Interferograms were generated, phase unwrapped and filtered after which the PSCs were identified based on Amplitude Stability index. The problem of tropospheric phase delay causing decorrelation was removed based on the difference in the phase residual of the connected PSCs. Ps coherence map was generated showing coherence as low as 0.28 to 0.38 in mangroves due to volume decorrelation and 0.5 to 0.85 in village areas. A prominent feature, vernal pool exhibited high variation in coherence (0.28 to 0.45) depending on monsoon or summer season. An integrated cumulative displacement map was generated indicating the areas where erosion and deposition has taken place and these depositional values of certain deltaic features were in conjunction with coherence.