SEMI-SUPERVISED SEMANTIC SEGMENTATION NETWORK VIA LEARNING CONSISTENCY FOR REMOTE SENSING LAND-COVER CLASSIFICATION
Keywords: remote sensing, semantic segmentation, semi-supervised learning, convolutional neural network
Abstract. Current popular deep neural networks for semantic segmentation are almost supervised and highly rely on a large amount of labeled data. However, obtaining a large amount of pixel-level labeled data is time-consuming and laborious. In remote sensing area, this problem is more urgent. To alleviate this problem, we propose a novel semantic segmentation neural network (S4Net) based on semi-supervised learning by using unlabeled data. Our model can learn from unlabeled data by consistency regularization, which enforces the consistency of output under different random transforms and perturbations, such as random affine transform. Thus, the network is trained by the weighted sum of a supervised loss from labeled data and a consistency regularization loss from unlabeled data. The experiments we conducted on DeepGlobe land cover classification challenge dataset verified that our network can make use of unlabeled data to obtain precise results of semantic segmentation and achieve competitive performance when compared to other methods.