RAILWAY LIDAR SEMANTIC SEGMENTATION WITH AXIALLY SYMMETRICAL CONVOLUTIONAL LEARNING
Keywords: Semantic segmentation, 3D point cloud, Deep-learning, Railway, LIDAR
Abstract. This paper presents a new deep-learning-based method for 3D Point Cloud Semantic Segmentation specifically designed for processing real-world LIDAR railway scenes. The new approach relies on the use of spatial local point cloud transformations for convolutional learning. These transformations allow an increased robustness to varying point cloud densities while preserving metric information and a sufficient descriptive ability. The resulting performances are illustrated with results on railway data from two distinct LIDAR point cloud datasets acquired in industrial settings. The quality of the extraction of useful information for maintenance operations and topological analysis is pointed together with a noticeable robustness to point cloud variations in distribution and point redundancy.