CONTRIBUTION OF SUPER RESOLUTION TO 3D RECONSTRUCTION FROM PAIRS OF SATELLITE IMAGES
Keywords: Super resolution, Digital Surface Model, Stereo-Matching, Deep Neural Network, Generative Adversarial Network
Abstract. The photogrammetric 3D stereo reconstruction from pairs of strereo images is rising interest in the past few years in space field downstream. Nowadays, it is conceivable that a large production of DSMs from satellite images can become the primary source of 3D information on a global scale. However, in urban areas, DSMs produced with current technology suffer from poor quality. Indeed, even using very high resolution (VHR) images, there is too little information to generate disparity maps that reproduce very well defined shaped objects such as buildings.
To address this issue, one solution may be to artificially increase image resolution beyond the sensor limits. Super resolution (SR) algorithms are designed to recover high frequencies, introducing significant information in a scene characterized by strong and frequent discontinuities such as a city. State-of-the-art methods relying on Deep Learning have shown remarkable results in this sense. The aim of this work is therefore to assess the contribution of single image SR Deep Learning techniques to the stereo matching and DSMs generation in an urban context, highlighting potential advantages and limitations that can show up when introducing such a technology in a multi-view stereo pipeline. The proposed contributions are: a methodology for super resolution of VHR data that takes into account realistic simulation of a satellite product; a testbed for the evaluation of the impact of super resolution on 3D photogrammetric reconstruction; a local analysis of the consequences of deep learning SR of VHR images on stereo matching.