EVALUATION OF ECOLOGICAL PROTECTION LEVEL UNDER THE FRAMEWORK OF TERRITORY SPATIAL PLANNING OF FUJIAN PROVINCE
Keywords: Ecological Protection Level, Ecological Protection Red Line, Ecosystem Service Functions, Ecological Sensitivity, Fujian Province
Abstract. A key mission of “the carrying capacity of natural resources and the suitability of territory spatial development evaluation” in China is to carry out the assessment of the ecological protection level, which is based on the ecosystem service functions level and ecological sensitivity level. The evaluation of ecological protection level is the basis for demarcating the ecological protection red line, which has become a major strategy to promote the construction of national ecological civilization. In this paper, taking the whole land area of Fujian province as an example and using the quantifying index method, based on remote sensing data including NPP, NDVI, and land use data, we first assess the ecosystem service functions level and ecological sensitivity level, combined with the existing nature reserves and national forest parks in Fujian province, and then evaluate the ecological protection level. The result shows that, the extremely important ecological protection area is 37,134.68 km2, accounting for 30.59% of total study area; the area of farmland located in the extremely important ecological protection area is 2,191.56 km2, making up 14.44% of the total farmland area; the area of construction land within the extremely important ecological protection area is 542.65 km2, accounting for 12.94% of the total construction land area.