AN UNSUPERVISED METHOD BASED ON FIRE INDEX ENHANCEMENT AND GRNN FOR AUTOMATED BURNED AREA MAPPING FROM SINGLE-PERIOD REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY
Keywords: Burning area mapping, Fire index, Adaptive spatial context information, Uncertainty analysis, GRNN
Abstract. In the current situation of frequent forest fires, the study of forest burned area mapping is important. However, there is still room for improvement in the accuracy of existing forest burning area mapping methods. Therefore, in this paper, an unsupervised method based on fire index enhancement and GRNN (General Regression Neural Network) is proposed for automated forest burned area mapping from single-date post-fire remote sensing imagery. The proposed method first uses adaptive spatial context information to enhance the generated fire index to improve its ability to indicate the burned areas. Then the uncertainty analysis is performed on the enhanced fire index to extract reliable burned samples and non-burned samples for subsequent classifier training. Finally, the improved GRNN model considering the spatial correlation of pixels is used as a classifier to binarize the enhanced fire index to generate the final burned area map. Based on two commonly used fire indexes, NBR (Normalized Burn Ratio) and BAI (Burned Area Index), this paper conducts burned area mapping experiments on a post-fire image of a forest area in Inner Mongolia, China to test the effectiveness of the proposed method, and two commonly used threshold methods (Otsu and Kmeans clustering) are also used to conduct burned area mapping based on threshold segmentation of fire index for comparison experiments. The experimental results prove the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method. The proposed method is unsupervised and automated, so it has high application value and potential under the current situation of frequent forest fires.