UPDATING STRATEGIES FOR DISTANCE BASED CLASSIFICATION MODEL WITH RECURSIVE LEAST SQUARES
Keywords: Hyperspectral imaging, Minimal Learning Machine, Recursive Least Squares, Classification, Real-time computation, Machine learning
Abstract. The idea is to create a self-learning Minimal Learning Machine (MLM) model that is computationally efficient, easy to implement and performs with high accuracy. The study has two hypotheses. Experiment A examines the possibilities of introducing new classes with Recursive Least Squares (RLS) updates for the pre-trained self learning-MLM model. The idea of experiment B is to simulate the push broom spectral imagers working principles, update and test the model based on a stream of pixel spectrum lines on a continuous scanning process. Experiment B aims to train the model with a significantly small amount of labelled reference points and update it continuously with (RLS) to reach maximum classification accuracy quickly.
The results show that the new self-learning MLM method can classify new classes with RLS update but with a cost of decreasing accuracy. With a larger amount of reference points, one class can be introduced with reasonable accuracy. The results of experiment B indicate that self-learning MLM can be trained with a few reference points, and the self-learning model quickly reaches accuracy results comparable with nearest-neighbour NN-MLM. It seems that the self-learning MLM could be a comparable machine learning method for the application of hyperspectral imaging and remote sensing.