ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume X-1-2024
09 May 2024
 | 09 May 2024

Calculating of Taftan Volcano Displacement Using PSI Technique and Sentinel 1 Images

Mahdieh Shirmohammadi, Saied Pirasteh, Jie Shen, and Jonathan Li

Keywords: Sentinel 1, PSI, Taftan volcano, GPS, SARPROZ

Abstract. Taftan is a semi-active volcano located in southeast of Iran with a number of craters. The main objective of this study is to investigate whether subsidence or uplift in Taftan peak. A total number of 58 images of Sentinel 1-A acquired between January 2015 to December 2020 in the ascending orbit mode and 102 images of both Sentinel 1-A, Sentinel 1-B acquired between October 2014 to June 2020 in the descending orbit mode were pre-processed for this purpose. The interferograms with the permanent scatterer interferometry (PSI) method were created using SARPROZ and StaMPS software in which atmospheric corrections were made automatically and following that get surface displacement of Taftan volcano. The results of the Line Of Sight (LOS) displacement corresponding to the uplift was observed to be 0.5 mm to 1 mm yr-1 for the ascending orbit and 1 mm yr-1 for the descending orbit. Because of GPS station lack close to Taftan volcano, the GPS measurements of one station located in the study area (Saravan station) was used to check the accuracy of PSI method, the GPS station of SARAVAN has been located inside of town and it is appropriate to use and analyze PSI technique in this station. As a result, it was found that the PSI method is in good agreement with the GPS data.