ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume X-2-2024
10 Jun 2024
 | 10 Jun 2024

Algorithm, Progresses, Datasets and Validation of GLC_FCS30D: the first global 30 m land-cover dynamic product with fine classification system from 1985 to 2022

Liangyun Liu and Xiao Zhang

Keywords: global land-cover, Landsat imagery, time-series, continuous change detection, GLC_FCS30D

Abstract. Land cover change information plays an indispensable role in environmental monitoring, climate change research, agricultural planning, urban development, biodiversity conservation, and natural disaster risk assessment. Recently, the free access of Landsat imagery and improvement of computation capacity especially supported by Google Earth Engine platform provides great chance in time-series land-cover change monitoring. We used the stratified land-cover monitoring strategy and time-series Landsat imagery to develop a novel global 30 m land-cover dynamic product with fine classification system from 1985 to 2022 (GLC_FCS30D). Firstly, we used the multitemporal classification to generate the time-series impervious surfaces, wetlands and tidal flat products. Then, we proposed to combine the continuous change detection algorithm and local adaptive updating model to capture the land-cover changes, and to generate a new global 30 m land-cover dynamic product (impervious surfaces, wetlands and tidal flat types were excluded in this step). Next, after overlapping the three multitemporal classification products and the time-series dynamical land-cover dataset, the novel GLC_FCS30D was developed, which contained 35 fine land-cover types. Lastly, using the global 84526 validation points in 2020, the GLC_FCS30D was validated to show the great performance with an overall accuracy of 80.88%, and had obvious advantages over other global land-cover products in diversity of land-cover types and mapping accuracy.