ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume X-2-2024
10 Jun 2024
 | 10 Jun 2024

Large Scale and Complex Structure Grotto Digitalization Using Photogrammetric Method: A Case Study of Cave No. 13 in Yungang Grottoes

Hanyu Xiang, Wenyuan Niu, Xianfeng Huang, Bo Ning, Fan Zhang, and Jianmin Xu

Keywords: 3D Modeling, Cultural Heritage, Digitalization, Large Scale, Multi-view Images, Grottoes

Abstract. 3D reconstruction of cultural heritage with large volume and high precision is a technical problem in the field of photogrammetry. This paper studies a high-precision digitalization method for large-volume immovable heritage assets based on photogrammetry and laser scanning. It solves the problem of large-scale aerial triangulation and ensures overall color and geometric consistency while satisfying high-precision modeling of local details. Taking the millimeter accuracy 3D reconstruction project of Cave No. 13 in Yungang Grottoes as an example, we use more than 280,000 arbitrary images to reconstruct the entire cave and verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.