BADI: A NOVEL BURNED AREA DETECTION INDEX FOR SENTINEL-2 IMAGERY USING GOOGLE EARTH ENGINE PLATFORM
Keywords: Fire, Remote Sensing, Spectral Index, Forest Fire, Burn Severity, Operational System
Abstract. Forest fires are natural events that occur in numerous ecosystems worldwide and cause significant damage to human, ecological and socio-economic factors. It is also crucial to obtain useful information on the distribution and density of burned areas on large scale. An efficient way to map large regions is through remote sensing (RS). Nevertheless, the complex scenario and similar spectral signature of features in multispectral bands can lead to many false positives, making it difficult to extract the burned areas accurately. Multispectral data from Sentinel-2 satellite images allow the development of novel burned area indices, as more spectral data is recorded in the Red-Edge region. This research aims to develop a new burned area detection index (BADI) at 20 m spatial resolution in the google earth engine platform to detect the wildfire-affected areas in southwest of Iran using Sentinel-2 satellite imagery. The BADI spectral index has been specially designed to take benefit of the Sentinel-2 spectral bands and use a spectral combination of bands that are reasonable for post-fire burned regions detection. The final results indicated that the proposed index by applying a post-processing stage works well in the case of the study area to identify the burned areas. At the same time, it can satisfactorily suppress the complicated and irrelevant changes in the scene. Furthermore, the BADI index is rapid and can provide the burned areas map in near real-time. According to the Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS) reference data, maps of the burned areas were produced with a kappa coefficient of 0.92 and an overall accuracy of 92.15%, which demonstrated a good result in comparison to similar spectral indices.