PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF GEOPOTENTIAL MODELS IN ESTIMATING THE GEOIDAL HEIGHT OVER IRAN
Keywords: Geopotential models, Geoidal height, geoid's potential, XGM2019e_2159, Iran
Abstract. Global geopotential models (GGMs) are widely used in earth sciences, especially in geodesy and geophysics. In this paper, we aim at studying GGMs' capability in the geoidal height estimation at the geographical region of Iran. This will include verification of both satellite-only and combined GGMs. To compute the geoidal height at a point, keeping the longitude and latitude constant, we change its ellipsoidal height until the GGM-derived gravity potential at the resulting height equals the geoid’s potential value. In this process, we consider the topographic bias effect once the computation of the potential is inside the topographic masses. As the benchmark for the performance analysis of GGMs, we use the known geoidal heights of 841GPS/Levelling stations with a country-wide distribution. The results indicate that the XGM2019e_2159 (n_max=2190) GGM is the best combined and the GO_CONS_GCF_2_DIR_R5 (n_max=330) GGM is the best satellite-only model for the computation of geoidal heights in the study area, Iran.