HOTSPOT ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON BETWEEN SATELLITE-DERIVED AEROSOL OPTICAL DEPTH AND GROUND-BASED PARTICULATE MATTER MEASUREMENTS IN METRO MANILA
Keywords: Air Pollution, Hotspot Analysis, PM, AOD, MAIAC
Abstract. Highly urbanized regions such as the Metro Manila area in the Philippines contribute to the deterioration of air quality through overpopulation, excessive vehicle emissions, and industrialization. However, the limited number of ground monitoring stations hinders the detailed estimation of the region’s overall air quality. Satellite-derived air pollutant concentrations have been used in several research studies as a substitute or supplementary to ground-based data due to their extensive spatial and temporal coverage. Using the aerosol optical depth (AOD) from the MODIS Multi-Angle Implementation of Atmospheric Correction (MAIAC) algorithm and ground measurements of coarse particulate matter (PM10), this study explores the comparison between satellite-derived and ground-based air pollutant concentrations measured from 2017 to 2020 through trend analysis of monthly average values per city. With 16 stations located in different cities, the monthly average values of AOD vs PM10 showed inconsistent results due to significant gaps in the ground data. Through optimized hotspot analysis, it was found that 7.24% of the Metro Manila region are considered hotspots using the MAIAC AOD values from 2017 to 2019 (pre-pandemic). From 2018 to 2020 (pandemic), 23.86% of Metro Manila are counted as hotspots. The AOD derived from satellite imagery and hotspot analysis can be used for future studies that focus on the development of models to predict ground pollutant values and the designation of non-attainment areas.