AUTOMATIC RECONSTRUCTION OF BUILDING ROOFS THROUGH EFFECTIVE INTEGRATION OF LIDAR AND MULTISPECTRAL IMAGERY
Keywords: Building, Feature, Extraction, Reconstruction, Automation, Integration, LIDAR, Orthoimage
Abstract. Automatic 3D reconstruction of building roofs from remotely sensed data is important for many applications including city modeling. This paper proposes a new method for automatic 3D roof reconstruction through an effective integration of LIDAR data and multispectral imagery. Using the ground height from a DEM, the raw LIDAR points are separated into two groups. The first group contains the ground points that are exploited to constitute a 'ground mask'. The second group contains the non-ground points that are used to generate initial roof planes. The structural lines are extracted from the grey-scale version of the orthoimage and they are classified into several classes such as 'ground', 'tree', 'roof edge' and 'roof ridge' using the ground mask, the NDVI image (Normalised Difference Vegetation Index from the multi-band orthoimage) and the entropy image (from the grey-scale orthoimage). The lines from the later two classes are primarily used to fit initial planes to the neighbouring LIDAR points. Other image lines within the vicinity of an initial plane are selected to fit the boundary of the plane. Once the proper image lines are selected and others are discarded, the final plane is reconstructed using the selected lines. Experimental results show that the proposed method can handle irregular and large registration errors between the LIDAR data and orthoimagery.