DETAILED VALIDATION OF AMSR2 SEA ICE CONCENTRATION DATA USING MODIS DATA IN THE SEA OF OKHOTSK
Keywords: passive microwave radiometer, Bootstrap Algorithm, global warming, GCOM-W
Abstract. Global warming is one of the most serious problems we are facing in the 21st Century. Sea ice has an important role of reflecting the solar radiation back into space. However, once sea ice started to melt, the ice-free water would absorb the solar radiation and amplify global warming in the Arctic region. Thus, importance of sea ice monitoring is increasing. Since longer wavelength microwave can penetrate clouds, passive microwave radiometers on-board satellites are powerful tools for monitoring the global distribution of sea ice on daily basis. The Advanced Passive Microwave Scanning Radiometer AMSR2 which was launched by JAXA in May 2012 on-board GCOM-W satellite provides brightness temperature data that are used to estimate sea ice concentration, the fundamental parameter that is used to monitor the sea ice cover. JAXA is providing AMSR2 sea ice concentration data, derived using ASMR2 Bootstrap Algorithm as a standard product of AMSR2, as a means to communicate how the sea ice cover is changing. This paper describes the advantages of AMSR2 in calculating sea ice concentration and evaluate the accuracy of the sea ice concentration in the Sea of Okhotsk by comparing the result with simultaneously collected MODIS data. The result suggested that under normal winter condition, the RMSE of the AMSR2 sea ice concentration could be less than 10%.